Admission Enquiry

National Cyber Security Policy 2013: An Assessment


Why Cyber security policy was needed ?
With an aim to monitor and protect information and strengthen defenses from cyber attacks, the National Cyber Security Policy 2013 was released by the Government of India. The purpose of this framework document is to ensure a secure and resilient cyberspace for citizens, businesses and the government. With rapid information flow and transactions occurring via cyberspace, a national policy was much needed.
Cyber Security Policy ,2013:
• The Cyber Security Policy aims at protection of information infrastructure in cyberspace, reduce vulnerabilities, build capabilities to prevent and respond to cyber threats and minimize damage from cyber incidents through a combination of institutional structures, people, process, technology and cooperation.
• The objective of this policy in broad terms is to create a secure cyberspace ecosystem and strengthen the regulatory framework. A National and sectoral 24X7 mechanism has been envisaged to deal with cyber threats through National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Centre (NCIIPC).
• Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) has been designated to act as a nodal agency for coordination of crisis management efforts. CERT-In will also act as umbrella organization for coordination actions and operationalization of sectoral CERTs.
• A mechanism is proposed to be evolved for obtaining strategic information regarding threats to information and communication technology (ICT) infrastructure, creating scenarios of response, resolution and crisis management through effective predictive, prevention, response and recovery action.
• The policy calls for effective public and private partnership and collaborative engagements through technical and operational cooperation. The stress on public-private partnership is critical to tackling cyber threats through proactive measures and adoption of best practices .
• Emphasis on the promotion of research and development in cyber security. Research and development of trustworthy systems and their testing, collaboration with industry and academia
• The policy also calls for developing human resource through education and training programmes, establishing cyber security training infrastructure through public private partnership and to establish institutional mechanisms for capacity building for law enforcement agencies. Creating a workforce of 500,000 professionals trained in cyber security in the next 5 years is also envisaged in the policy through skill development and training.
• The policy plans to promote and launch a comprehensive national awareness programme on security of cyberspace through cyber security workshops, seminars and certifications with a view to develop awareness of the challenges of cyber security amongst citizens.
• The policy document aims at encouraging all organizations whether public or private to designate a person to serve as Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) who will be responsible for cyber security initiatives. Organizations are required to develop their information security policies
New avenues where this policy can be extended :-
• The provisions to take care security risks emanating due to use of new technologies e.g. Cloud Computing .
• tackling the risks arising due to increased use of social networking sites by criminals and anti-national elements
• There is also a need to incorporate cyber crime tracking, cyber forensic capacity building and creation of a platform for sharing and analysis of information between public and private sectors on continuous basis.


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Evolution of Terrorism Laws in India


TThe legal and institutional framework that independent India Inherited from the British to govern criminal law, criminal procedure, and policing largely remains in place today. Police matters are governed primarily by the Police Act of 1861. Continuing a pattern established by the British, India’s antiterrorism and other security laws have periodically been enacted, repealed, and re-enacted in the years since independence.
Soon after its adoption, the constitution of India was amended in 1951. At the time, several progressive judgements by the judiciary held that laws that curb fundamental rights are essentially unconstitutional and fundamental freedoms could only be curbed in the most extreme cases. The first amendment countered this by amending Article 19 to add the word ‘reasonable’ before restrictions and to add ‘public order’ as being one more ground for abridging fundamental rights.
The UAPA, 1967
The next major step in the abridgement of freedom of expression, assembly and association occurred in shape of the 16th amendment in 1963. Further ‘reasonable restrictions in the interest of the sovereignty and integrity of India’ were amended to Article 19 (2). This amendment occurred in the immediate wake of the Indian army’s defeat in the Sino-Indian War, as well as the threat posed by the DMK contesting elections in Tamil Nadu with secession from India being part of their manifesto. It was in this background that the UAPA was enacted in 1967 – to satisfy the need of the Indian state to declare associations that sought secession from India as ‘unlawful’. In this way, the UAPA gave powers to the central government to impose all-India bans on associations. The process of banning associations could simply be done by the government announcing them as ‘unlawful’ and hence banned (Section 3).
The ambit of the Act was strictly limited to meeting the challenge to the territorial integrity of India. The Act was a self-contained code of provisions for declaring secessionist associations as unlawful, adjudication by a tribunal, control of funds and places of work of unlawful associations, penalties for their members etc. The Act has all along been worked holistically as such and is completely within the purview of the central list in the 7th Schedule of the Constitution of India.

Terrorist And Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act, 1987 (TADA)
The second major act came into force in 1987. This act had much more stringent provisions then the UAPA and it was specifically designed to deal with terrorist activities in India. When TADA was enacted it came to be challenged before the Apex Court of the country as being unconstitutional. The Supreme Court of India upheld its constitutional validity on the assumption that those entrusted with such draconic statutory powers would act in good faith and for the public good. However, there were many instances of misuse of power for collateral purposes. The rigorous provisions contained in the statute came to be abused in the hands of law enforcement officials. TADA lapsed in 1995.
Significant provisions of the UAPA came into light after the arrest of five Maharashtrian activists in the wake of Bhima Koregaon violence
Section 10 - section 10 as amended by the Amending Act of 2004, provides that if any person from the association after being declared as unlawful under this Act, continues to be a member thereof, takes part in its meetings, makes contribution of any kind for its purposes or otherwise acted in the manner as provided under the provision, then he should be held guilty under the Act, and punishment can extend to life imprisonment and should not be below 5 years imprisonment along with fine. Similarly, the punishment for dealing with funds of the unlawful association is upto 3 years imprisonment and fine also.
Section 15 - Section 15 of the Act defines the terrorist act as an act done with intent to threaten or likely to threaten the unity, integrity, security, etc. of India by using various destructive substances provide under the provision. The punishment for such acts, is death penalty, if the same results in death of any persons and in other cases, the punishment can extend to life imprisonment and minimum 5 years punishment is given. Similarly, there are different punishments provided for other relevant terrorist acts.


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Life of an IAS officer


The life of an IAS officer has many faces just as any other profession. We feel that the toughest part is while an aspirant is preparing to qualify the civil services examination. The perception we have is that the privileges and perks of the life are beyond comparison. The power, the status and lifestyle is worth striving for. What most people don’t understand is that one has to earn all this even while working just as any other profession. There are risks involved too.
Dangers to life and family at many points in one’s career. The privileges are of course there but it is a balance of duty, responsibility and allowances. The first duty is towards your nation and the people. Many a times you have to keep your family at second priority when duty calls for it. Also, there are restrictions both express and implied. Thirdly, the power that comes with every position must be handled with due care and most efficiently. Serving the people is like justifying your rank. The higher you go, the more rigorous the work will become. Critical decisions will be have to be taken in short periods of time. Delay in decisions can cause more damage than anticipated. Hence, the training and the preparation comes to the rescue there. Concepts, policies and processes learned in classrooms will have to be put into practical use.
It all does fall into place. All the hard work, the preparation under pressure, giving all in etc. Many of the new trainees crumble in the grueling process and hence one must be mentally prepared. We must see IAS as the two sides it has.


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Love Beyond


It is the first Valentine’s Day after the demolition of Article 377. For those of you who aren’t keeping up with the Supreme Court’s business, the Supreme Court had decriminalized section 377 of the IPC and with it decriminalized consensual adult sex saying sexual orientation is natural and people have no control on it. It was a progressive step to show support to the LGBT community and also reinforce that love has no defined form, way or orientation.
. Many people from the LGBT community can celebrate freely and without the terror of being discovered, judged, hated or discriminated against or at least officially. The truth is that India, among many other societies, is yet to break their stereotypes about LGBT people and begin to understand or see them as a part of the human race they belong to. It is shocking to see the level of disgust of people about something they understand so little. The unawareness gives rise to blind hate and hate crimes even apart from the psychological torment they are made to undergo. I think awareness is the first step of acceptance. So avoiding conversations about homosexuality must be stopped. Knowing about a stigma or talking about it can desensitize it and heal the divide in the society. Let’s join hands to spread love and harmony this. Let us make this festival about more than ourselves. If we love loud then it can overpower all hurdles of hate, violence and discrimination. Use social media to speak love. Make the message loud and clear that hate and stigma will not exist any longer. Happy valentine’s day! Love loud, love free!.


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Democrats as pillars of Democracy


We as individuals think that it is better to stay away from the issues that plague society or some region of our country because we will not be able to make a difference in any case. Some pivotal affairs of the nations are neglected by us due to their disturbing or unpleasant nature. By neglecting we feel that we are not being affected by it but often the contrary is true. When we choose to be passive, we compromise with the quality of our life, by staying out of our own governance. At the core of the matter, we must understand that every voice matters and that a silenced voice is a dead one. Raising our voices and taking a stand matters, not only to others but to oneself. No matter if you make a difference on a small scale, no matter if you can’t see the change yourself, change occurs and creates a wave effect to bring about revolution
It is time that every individual participates actively in the governance of our democracy so as to do justice our constitution’s words- ‘a government of the people, by the people and for the people’. An IAS student is trained to analyze a problem, think logically and reach a conclusion. Factors like critical analysis, personal ethical code and an understanding of the Indian society contribute in reaching decisions. Democrats and citizens together can better the state of a democracy.


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Impact of Important Judgments of Courts


The recent judgement which are given below will play a vital role to enhance the personality and mental liberty of humanity to express their feeling before parents as well society.
1. Dev Kanya Tiwari vs state of Uttar Pradesh (Benefit of doubt):- Much acclaimed notion is the administration of criminal justice is that its two views are possible baring on the evidence adduced is the case one pointing to guilt of the accused and the other to the innocence of accused the view which is favourable to the accused should normally be adopted.
2. Shakti Vahini vs union of India: Right to choose life partner is a fundamental right.
Honour killing is an offence under the Indian penal code
(Moger boy And Magor girl have right to choose their partner is embedded in article -19 & Article-21
3. Lok prahani through its general secretary vs state of uttar pardesh
Through this judgment the Hon’ble court has pronounced that the former CM of UP were ordered to vacate government accommodation 4. Shailesh Manubhai parmar vs election commission of india Related provision of Article 80(4), in constitution of india.
NOTA (none of the above) can’t be used is the rajya sabha election
Joseph shive vs union of India: Husband is not the master of wife.
Rafale : manohar lal dharma vs Narender modi ors

Petition seeking prose in to rafale deal dismissed
Indra sahni vs union of india in this judgement sc settled that reservation can’t be more than 50%. Its is the violation of right of equality.
Justice KS puttaswamy & othr. vs union of india
The honourable supreme court has held Right of privacy to be a fundamental Right
Under article 142 of the constitution of india the supreme court of india in the exercise of its jurisdiction may make each order as is necessary for doing compete justice is any case
Euthanasia Or mercy killing assisted suicide
The painless killing of patient suffering from an incapable and painful disease or in irreversible corna
Passive euthanasia of you want to due than you Can die with dignity as per article 21
Arunasahbad was suffering in coma, they demanding
Article 21 right of death is also encluded is right of life.
Back drop of legalization of section 377 in judgment Navtej singh Johar vs union of india
Through this judgement SC legalize homo-sexuality in india
The SC decriminalised consensual inter course between person of the same sex and read down section 377 of the Indian penal code thus providing a huge boost to the LGBTQ community of India.
In India, China, Russia marriage between same sex is not allowed but in USA, Canada it is allowed.
L- Lesbian Sex between two women
G- Gay Sex between two Men
B- Bisexual Sex between woman and man
T- Transgender When man feels women character and women feels man character
Q- Quer Not male or not women
The court recognised that the sexual orientation of each individual in the society must be protected on an even platform for the right of privacy and the protection of sexual orientation lies at the come of the fundamental rights guaranteed by Article 14,15 and 21 of the constitution.
Gurmarg Institute Gurmarg Institute has prepared brief notes on the above recent and landmark issues which are very important for those aspirants who are preparing for IAS/PCS as well as Judiciary exams of different states. Our institute is in the view that the recent upcoming exam will certainly cover question from it and also grill our aspirants.


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Role of Judicial Protection for Working Women


Historical Position of Women
There are numerous enactments occupying the field pertaining to protection, welfare and empowerment of women on account of illiteracy, immortality, radical change in the Indian Societies on Indian women who constitute half of the human population have been discriminated against, harassed and exploited irrespective of nationality, religion they profess, and even era they have lived in. In all societies to a greater or lesser degree women and girls are subjected to physical, sexual and psychological abuse that cuts across lines of income, class and culture.
Unfortunately, India is one of the few countries where offence against women have been increasing tremendously. On one hand people worship women as goddesses; for instance in Indian tradition it is said that “Yatra Nari Pujyante Tatra Ramante Devta” and on the other side women are considered to be in an inferior position. They are subjected to atrocity from even before birth till death
Women and Constitution- Constitutional law and Ordinary law, through Judiciary has been working as a savior of women from atrocity. Our unbiased and independent Judiciary has always played the role of a true guardian of justice.
Through various devices like Judicial review, Judicial activism, social action litigation and the duty of enforcement of fundamental rights the Supreme Court of India and some High Courts have evolved a gender Jurisprudence which has given substance and life to the Constitutional scheme of Protective discrimination in favor of women
Judicial Trends C.B. Mathumma v. UOI ;
The court upholding the principle of cruelty of statue puts female employees at par with male employees and struck down various rules as unconstitutional. Vishakha v. State of Rajasthan:
SC had framed guidelines and norms for protection of working women at workplace. It held that it is the duty of the employer to protect women from sexual abuse, which were later recognized and enacted by the Parliament in the Sexual Harassment of women at workplace[Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal] Act, 2013.
Although there are so many government departments which are run by women i.e., woman and child development department etc, then also there is no proportionate change in the circumstances of crime against women. Thus, our Judiciary tries hard to provide women the status that they rightfully deserve and so should we as a society.
There are three organs of the respective government i.e., legislature, executive and Judiciary. There is a dire need for these organs to run parallel to safeguard the rights of the working class women.
There have many questions asked previously in PCS judicial services such as;
 What is the punishment for a man who sexually harasses a woman at workplace?
 Discuss the recent criminal amendment Act, 2013.
 Why were Section 354A to 354D inserted in the Indian Penal Code?


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Study environment


Preparing for competitive exams requires a lot of grit, focus, and persistence. Whether that be in guided study or self-study, our environment has a great impact on our productivity. I will particularly lay stress on the environment required for self-study. A self-study environment must be a perfect blend of care and comfort and self-discipline and routine. A student must have the required facilities which provide him enough comfort to focus on his/her study and not be disturbed by distractions of physical inconvenience and discomfort. He must have his/her study space which is undisturbed and personalized. He mustn’t have the burden of judgment or pressure there. Along with these conducive elements, he/she must also have a self-created routine that works best for him, an independent system of self-check and a progress chart made specially by him for his use only.
He must also make sure he has interaction with his peers for healthy comparison and discussions. He must have the necessary guidance to his disposal. A stress buster activity or hobby can improve his efficiency and a stress manager is even more ideal. Such a companion can not only help the student manage stress but also console him in his challenging times. The last factor is his motivation. His motivation must be self-induced and refreshed by his coach in times of deviation but at all times he must be aware. He must know why he is competing in the exam and why he has chosen the method which he has. Overall a ready-made study environment like the one ToLive hostels in association with Gurmarg Educare provides can catalyze the process of preparing for any competitive exam like IAS, Judiciary, etc by a great measure


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Unlearning According to ITM’s Article on Unlearning;


We live in a “symptom society” in which we want the fastest and easiest solution to relieve us of pain. The first response is usually aimed at treating the symptom and often takes the form of drugs. It usually appears to resolve the issue. Or does it? The flaw in this process is twofold:
1. Even if the symptom is successfully eradicated, the root cause/issue remains unsolved and often undiagnosed.
2. The second line of defence becomes weak and under-researched because it is seen as irrelevant.
In Education, we treat the symptom (eg, poor behavior, low grades, disengagement in lessons, low employment after school) then measure how good we are at this (exam results improvement, attendance, English and maths progress…) without looking at the cause of the problem. If we were more accountable for our school drop out rates, the level of anxiety and depression in teenagers and the chronic lack of independent thought, I think we would pay much more attention to their root cause.
Future issues such as managing the consciousness of artificial intelligence and the political and economic power shifts ahead will require revolutionary thinking to produce powerful solutions.
What if unlearning was our “second line” of intelligence?
Students who have learned everything they needed for the exam, got their top grades and have psychologically attached their identity to their success at school, may or may not evolve to address these challenges and problem
1. Ask seemingly impossible questions and/or questions that are designed to frustrate that particular learner and get them used to failing in a safe space.
2. Be honest about all the flaws, mistakes and issues with the current situation/task.
3. Challenge the individual student's beliefs, values, previous knowledge, and even character traits. (e.g. playing devil's advocate.)
4. Try to put the learner into a future mindset; we need the answers for the future – we often have the answers for now.
5. Change the brief over time, adjust the parameters, resources, and expectations.
If all our children were adept at unlearning, they could jettison a procedure or theory that has become obsolete and then apply themselves with enthusiasm and dedication to new methods. Imagine if this process could occur without a teacher, emotional distress or students making a link between being right and being “clever”. Imagine an entire education system that could facilitate learning and unlearning whilst retaining motivation and enthusiasm.
According to the Hindu,
“The illiterate of the future are not those who can’t read or write but those who cannot learn, unlearn and relearn.” – Alvin Toffler
When we allow ourselves to be controlled by our preconceived and misconceived notions, governed by myths, conditioned by false assumptions and (mis)guided by wrong opinions we have formed about people, we are not open to new ideas and are unwilling to undergo a paradigm shift. When we fail to allow our minds to let go of "mis-and-disbeliefs" we have held and learned over a period of time, we don't allow ourselves to blossom.
Unlearning is the process of realizing that something which we learned earlier is incorrect, ineffective, or obsolete, admitting it and deciding to erase such bad conditioning and misconceptions from our mind for good. It is the process of exploring what we have stored in our system and deleting all the unnecessary data. It is the process of saying bye to an old, obsolete, and outdated paradigm, and embracing a new paradigm and willingly undergoing a paradigm shift.
Unfortunately, we are controlled by myths which do not allow us to open our eyes to reality.
How Unlearning is relevant for teachers?
Teachers who had over 25 years, some over 10 years, and the rest had 5-10 years of experience. When I asked them, “Do you teach various subjects (courses) the way you were taught by your teachers about 20 years, 10 years or five years ago?”, some nodded their heads and gave an affirmative answer.
“Don’t you think it is important to be aware of the modern teaching methods and learn new skills and also to bid goodbye to traditional teaching methods and let go of false assumptions?” Their response was similar to this: “We have many years of teaching experience. We know everything. We are comfortable with our teaching methods. We don’t need to learn any new skills.” It clearly showed that they resisted change and were not ready to unlearn.
Ways of unlearning
 The first step towards becoming an "unlearned" is not just to have a thirst for knowledge but to question our knowledge.
 Discussing our knowledge with those who are competent in a particular field, being challenged constantly, and being ready to be proved wrong will help us understand whether what we have learned is still relevant or obsolete.
 It is also important to question one’s belief system and check whether we are treating myths as scientific facts.
 The next important step is to take steps to develop creative and critical thinking.
According to EdTech Digest;
What we already know may be what prevents us from knowing more. Teachers typically assume that their primary role is to provide students with knowledge via presentation, that when asked a question they should provide an answer, and that students who score high on multiple choice tests have mastered the material. All of these assumptions are questionable in preparing students for life in a global, knowledge-based, innovation-centered civilization.
What is ‘unlearning’?
Chris Dede: Professional development for transformative change is very challenging because participants not only must learn new skills, but also must “unlearn” almost unconscious beliefs, assumptions, practices, and values about the nature of teaching, learning, and schooling.
Marga Biller: Unlearning is learning to think, behave, or perceive differently, when there are already beliefs, behaviors, or assumptions in place (that get in the way), at either the individual or the organizational level. It becomes important when individuals, groups, and whole organizations have to find ways to effectively support change, overwrite old habits, surface and supplant entrenched ways of thinking, and develop new ways of working together.
What are the challenges associated with unlearning?
Chris: How important is emotional and social support for unlearning? In losing weight (which also involves changing deeply rooted behaviors), effective reinforcement is extremely important – and purely cognitive supports often fail. Ineffective tutoring, about half the prompts a mentor provides are encouragement rather than intellectual advice. For students being asked to tackle a new type of activity, self-efficacy and tenacity are vital attitudes, and these are built in part through emotional and social interventions. Parallel to these examples of comparable situations, substantial affective/communal support is vital to the success of professional development that requires unlearning.
Marga: We tackle unlearning in three contexts: mindsets, habits, and systems. Changing mindsets involves altering conceptions or mental models. Resistance to changing mindsets emerges as defensive patterns fortifying self-interest, personal identities, traditions, and long-standing assumptions. Changing habits involves shifting individual or group behaviors, once people have "signed on" to any new concepts involved. Resistance to changing habits arises in part from old cues in the environment that retrigger old behaviors and is reinforced by stress and time pressure. Sometimes even with alterations in mindset and habit, not much really changes, because the larger system discourages the new ways of thinking and acting. Resistance to change arises in systems through policies, routines, organizational structures, and even shared values and identities that interlock to block unlearning and change.
How do students and teachers benefit from unlearning?
Peter Hutton: Students benefit from unlearning by developing flexibility in the mindset that's critical in today's world. This type of creative thinking is crucial to finding the best and most efficient solutions to the constantly changing world. Many industries are constantly trying to adapt to today's changing world and developing an adaptive mindset will help students better transition into the real world after graduation. Standardized tests teach that there's only one right answer, but in the real world, there is not only more than one right answer – there are also different ways of getting to that answer. With unlearning, students are encouraged to make mistakes because that's part of the process of problem-solving. If you got it right on the first try, then you probably didn't get it right.
Jayne Everson: My identity as a teacher has transitioned. It is not good for me to be the expert all the time. I want students to realize they can figure out a solution to any question they have. Since the work is often emergent, meaning student curiosity is a driving force behind how we will cover a topic, I am often not sure where the line of inquiry will lead. This means that I am always learning. It is a joyful experience. At first, it felt a little weird to not know all the answers to the questions students were asking. Now, I am much more comfortable not knowing an answer. I do know that we will work together to figure out a way to answer it. Students walk away with strategies and the ability to create and pursue their own knowledge. They are empowered and they walk away as creative problem solvers.
How can an educator prepare himself or herself to help their students understand and overcome an unlearning challenge?
Peter: It's hard to lay out a simple road map to overcoming and understanding an unlearning challenge because there is no one way of doing it. Teachers will have a flexible and open-ended approach to their lessons. In their classes, kids will learn concepts by being asked to solve real-world problems. Unlearning isn't about the subject itself, it is about the certain skills being exercised in each class to help students be successful beyond college.
Jayne: The role of identity in this process cannot be underexamined. We are in a culture where teachers are established as the authority figure, the disciplinarian, the leader, the content expert, and the grader in the classroom. These roles or identities are often incongruous with the identities required for successful unlearning. I’ve found it useful to consciously examine which roles I’m playing when. I’ve found success in establishing an environment where students are self-regulating and leading the discussions, the explorations, and the content conclusions. Giving up control feels really scary—but the rewards are well worth it.


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India’s Act East Policy: A Constructive Initiative


Until the Soviet Union’s fall on December 25. 1991, India’s foreign, strategic and economic policies were predicated on what the USA and the Soviet Union did. Despite its non-aligned status, India was closer to the Soviet Union in the matters relating to trade, defence and food. Moreover, India was interested only in strengthening its strategic position vis-à-vis Pakistan in South Asia, for which it had to engage with the USA and Europe.
However, things changed rapidly with the Soviet Union’s fall and the rise of China as the new global power. The strategic context in the Asia-Pacific region evolved to the extent that the competition between China and India has intensified in the fields of trade and security. Clearly, the decline of the US influence in the region is opening up a strategic gap that China intends to fill, much to the alarm of smaller South East Asian countries. Thanks to the rise of the Asian Tiger Economies (Taiwan, Singapore, South Korea and Hong Kong), the region has become a vital factor in India’s Act East Policy. India intends to counter the rising Chinese domination in the area, and has initiated external security and trade related partnerships with ASEAN, Australia, South Korea and Japan. Here, it is important to mention the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue between the US, Australia, Japan and India, which aims to contain China’s domination. However, India is ensuring that all these measures do not intensify hostility with China; it has been engaging with China on the issues of trade, infrastructure and environment.
This and more similar topics form an integral part of our coaching of civil services. Our competent faculty works on all aspects that need attention when it comes to qualify competitive exam for civil services. Gurmarg is pioneer in it by leading the right way right away.


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The Role of Civil Society in India


The term, ‘Civil Society’ comprises non-¬governmental private organizations, associations and institutions, including groups—essentially economic, social, cultural, moral and other such associations. It works outside the state structure and belongs to the realm of autonomous associations and groups formed by individuals in their capacity as private citizens. Civil society performs important duties of checks and balances in democracies. It strives to influence the government and hold it accountable vis-à-vis individual rights. Its activities include, among other things, health, environment and economic rights.
In India, the civil society has been quite vibrant and has been fighting human rights violations like the rampant human trafficking, and sexual exploitation of children and women, thanks to the powerful legal tool in the form of Public Interest Litigation (PIL), which has become an important instrument of social change.
There have been other notable successes too.
For example, the Scheduled Tribes were deprived of several of their natural rights for a long time. The civil rights movements, like Jharkhand Jangal Bachao Andolan, compelled the government to enact the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006. This protects the land rights of India’s tribal population throughout the country. On the political front, the tribals of Jharkhand region in Bihar and of Bastar region in Madhya Pradesh have succeeded in compelling the central government to agree to form separate states.
Although, by its very nature, the civil society must play an adversarial role vis-à-vis the state, it is in fact more of a conscience keeper of the nation.
A student preparing for the civil services must be aware of the civil society and its role in the growth of the country. Gurmarg Educare, a premier IAS coaching institute of Chandigarh, leads the way in providing competent and well informed competitors.


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SAARC Underperformance: A Brief Analysis


In 1983, India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka joined hands to establish South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC). In 2007, Afghanistan too joined it. Although it raised the possibilities of SAARC rivalling ASEAN and the European Union as an economic powerhouse, it remained essentially obsessed with terrorism, which created fissures in the organization because of India-Pakistan discord on this issue.
The first SAARC meeting took place in Dhaka in 1985. Despite numerous summits since then, it has failed to attain the objective of economic cooperation. Numerous agreements have been signed and institutional mechanisms established under SAARC, but they have not been adequately implemented. The most disappointing has been the South Asia Free Trade Agreement (SAFTA) which came into effect in 2006, but has not been able to boost the intra-regional trade beyond the five percent level. Sadly, while the SAARC nations comprise 23 % of the global population, it accounts for only 6 % of the global purchasing power, 2 % of trade, and 3 % of FDI.
AThe main reason for this poor performance is mutual distrust among the member states – a colonial legacy. The region has not been able to overcome the barriers posed by such military-centric borders as Durand Line, Radcliffe Line and McMahon Line. Clearly, the SAARC needs to take lessons from the ASEAN and European Union models where borders have become softer. The SAARC states need to conceive and execute projects that benefit the region’s people collectively.
But, do the region’s leaders share this vision?
What about the aspiring IAS officers of our country?
Are we aware of the facts and facets of this issue? Gurmarg Educare recognizes the need of the students and has been delivering comprehensive coaching for IAS and other competitive exams for years.


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A Look At The Rohingya Tragedy


Rohingyas—majority of them are Muslims—live mainly in Myanmar’s Rakhine province. However, they do not speak Burmese but a dialect of Bengali. Their condition worsened under the military junta that had been ruling Myanmar until 2011. During the 1970s, thousands of Rohingyas were deported to Bangladesh. The 1982 Burmese Citizenship Law disqualified them as bona-fide citizens of Myanmar.
Despite the political reforms in 2011, and subsequent general elections, their condition did not improve. In fact, in 2012, violent riots erupted between Rakhine’s Buddhist community and Rohingyas, when a Rakhine woman was raped in the Rohingya dominated area. Several died in the prolonged violence. The government moved millions of Rohingyas to refugee camps. Thousands fled to Thailand, Malaysia and Bangladesh.
In August 2017, the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA) attacked 30 police posts and an army base in Rakhine. The Myanmar Army launched counter-attacks and resorted to ethnic cleansing. Thousands of Rohingyas fled Myanmar to Bangladesh; many entered India too. However, despite their plight, the Rohingyas have been unwelcome in Bangladesh for several reasons, but chiefly because of socio-economic reasons. India has a long tradition of providing shelter to persecuted minorities like Jews, Parsis, Tibetans etc. However, India too has been reluctant to accommodate Rohingyas because of their suspected involvement in drug trafficking in the Northeast and are conduits for terror activities.
The United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) places them among the “the most vulnerable groups of the forcibly displaced”. Clearly, greater international effort is needed to resolve this human tragedy.
This can be one of the important topics for the upcoming IAS 2019 examinations. We, at Gurmarg, believe in providing factual information with competent guidance to crack any competitive exam with flying colours.


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Biodiversity and Interdependence


Let us understand what all Biodiversity includes. It includes all terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems including the environment in which they thrive. Biodiversity is intrinsic to the human ecosystem. It is so minutely woven that it forms a solid interdependence. Activist Matt Petronzio says that ‘The fewer animals we have, the fewer humans we will have'. It is difficult to realize and accept this fact but it is true. This also means that threats to biodiversity are subsequently threats to the human race. It is such an irony because almost all the threats to biodiversity are man-made.
On International Day for Biological Diversity, with the theme being "Sustainable Biodiversity for Sustainable Development," the Secretary of the United Nations emphasized on fact Sustainable Development requires preservation and protection of biodiversity. He said that it was essential for the current and future generations. He also declared that Biodiversity forms an important sustainable development goal and an urgent need of the hour.
At present, the planet's biodiversity is at great risk. Some of the biggest threats to biodiversity are as follows:
Climate Change - Changes in climate over the decades have caused a number of species to become extinct. One can call this a periodical process through which species become extinct, evolve and new ones are born. But the increase in the rate of climate change has deprived them of the time to adapt and many of the species are not able to cope causing them to die out.
Deforestation and loss of habitat - The loss of habitat of multiple species due to deforestation has resulted in their extinction. Loss of habitat has caused other problems like attacks by animals on human settlements and a resultant loss of property.
Invasive species - The introduction of non- native species can threaten the survival of naturally occurring species. Scientific experimentation done without taking necessary precautions prove to be dangerous to the existing species.
Other factors like over-exploitation, pollution, and nonsustaining development can also have an adverse effect on biodiversity. What we must understand is that in protecting the world's biodiversity, we are indirectly saving ourselves because we, humans, are more dependent on biodiversity than we think.


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Geography through travel


Geography constitutes an essential part of the curriculum of the IAS exams and other competitive exams. World Geography and Indian Geography can be quite a vast syllabus to cover. It is even more tedious if one tries to memorize it. To think about it, Geography isn't concept based and cannot even be understood. Various landforms of the world can only be known. Some physical and political boundaries need to be studied all across the globe. Then what is the method that can be adopted to master the subject?
One innovative method is studying it through travel. There I something refreshing and reviving in this approach. When you think about a random place in the world and view it as a travel destination then your interest is enhanced by a lot. Travel includes heritage, culture, food, and demography. These particular topics are the ones in the geography curriculum also. Studying various geographical phenomena with a practical approach rather than a theoretic one can enhance your interest in the subject as well. For instance, let's talk about the great barrier reef. The natural coral reef is the world's largest and most diverse. It is adorned with an abundance of marine life. To think of the 3000 individual reef systems and coral cays visually is fascinating but if you try to memorize it as only words then it sounds strange and burdensome. Once you perceive it as a place you want to visit and not an academic hurdle then it becomes so much easier to retain it in your mind.
Study can be interesting and effective with the innovative and curiosity stimulating methods. Try it once if you don’t believe me.


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Communication Skills


Effective communication is basically a 3 step process which involves delivery of message by the communicator, medium of communication, reception of message and its interpretation by the listener. Let us analyze the 3 steps from a closer view ;
Delivery of message- This is the beginning of communication. When a communicator decides to deliver a message he plans its structure inside his/her mind. He automatically adjusts his language according to the listener and his vocabulary is in accordance with the assumed comprehension of the listener. His volume is preset in his mind right before he begins to communicate. He also decides the media through which the message can be communicated.
Medium of communication- The medium depends upon the listener as well as the environment but most importantly the aim of the communication. It may be verbal, written, electronic, visual or non- verbal. The medium has an effect on successful communication to a great extent. Reception- The reception of message is through sensory receptors. The perception or interpretation is controlled by the mind. Perception is so powerful and it can even override the message received by the sense organ or alter it to a great extent. That is why a clear mind or a present mind is essential for effective communication. Perceptive filters may prove to be barriers to communication. The A,B,Cs of good communication
A- Accuracy, aptness, attention attracting, free from ambiguity
B- Brevity or conciseness, Brightness,
C- Correctness, clarity, consistency and coherence.
Mastering these qualities is not very tough but only requires mindful practice and continuous efforts. After one point of time, communication will flow smoothly and easily without ebbs and currents in it.
Communication forms an qualifying paper for most competitive exams such as IAS and PCS. It is paid a lot of emphasis on because communication forms a basic need for administrative services. The country’s governance requires comprehension as well as effective communication, both oratory and written.


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Science


Science is interesting in its own essence but we find it difficult and typical. If we let our curiosity take the lead and act as our motivation then science can be fun and full of wonder. Let me tell you about some hidden truths of science and its fascinating world. We think that humans are the brainiest creatures on the planet but you’d be delighted to know that there are several other species like Dolphins which use a greater capacity of their brains than humans. Dolphins use ultrasonic waves to detect other Dolphins nearby.
Elephants can hear frequencies which are more minute than humans. Such frequencies are ultrasound and that is the reason why phones and cameras are not allowed near elephants. Vibrations emitted from phones can disturb them to such a level that they can create havoc. Mosquitoes can see infrared radiations which humans cannot detect. Such radiations enable them to survive and escape threats in their external environment. It is because of this that we cannot kill them if we aren’t fast enough. A woman’s heart beats faster than a man which keeps them at a greater risk to heart attacks and related diseases.
A human can survive on a diet of potatoes and butter as both have a complete set of nutrients that the body needs. It means that our notion that potatoes only contain fat is false and baseless. Humans can survive up to weeks without eating but only for 11 weeks without sleeping. It clearly shows how dangerous insomnia is and the amount of disruption it can bring into someone’s life. When one sleeps less then they crave for more food. The similar effect is that of dehydration. Hunger depends both upon sleep and water intake. These simple facts can help us in so many practical ways. It can help us make sense of so many behaviors and phenomenons.


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Social Inclusion


Inclusion and diversity and different, although they are used interchangeably. Inclusion can occur even when there is no diversity. Similarly, diversity can be present even without inclusion. Inclusion in society means when every member of that society feel valued and important. Each member must feel included and an active participant of the society. This is what inclusion means..
Whether that be about inclusion of the disabled or racial inclusion in an industry, inclusion is the talk of the day. Higher diversity in student bodies and student communities benefit not only students of color and other minorities but also encourage multicultural environments and learning. When diverse people feel included then they can contribute more to the community. Various industries patronize the idea of a workforce which includes a variety of people from different social, cultural and economic backgrounds. Such people together give rise to a creative, innovative, out of the box environment which can produce higher standards of efficiency and productivity. It has the power to enhance mobility of the minorities and increase the accessibility of opportunities to them.
The concept of inclusion is extremely important to India. The cultural and communal diversity in India has been the cause of many internal disputes and unnecessary problems. In severe cases riots and armed rebellions can also take place. This happens because every community wants its own space in the identity of the nation and considers them separate from other communities. Not only that but they also consider their community superior than the other. The policies of inclusion are highly essential to bind people of all communities and make minorities feel inclusive and secure. This is the key to many internal problems and India’s unity in diversity. The members of society mustn't feel divided, mustn’t feel isolated and more than anything, they shouldn’t feel like they don’t belong.


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Social Sector Initiatives


Before studying the subject, the meaning of the name of the subject must be known to you. An interest is created by the name itself. So let me tell you a bit about what the social sector initiatives means. Social sectors are those sectors that embody the policies of a welfare state in the country. It works to uplift the standard of living of the members of society. It may demand a considerable amount of investment but don't yield immediate results. They don't even show a very predictable, finite promise of returns. Sectors like education, health, and nutrition etc are some social sectors that are socially valuable but do not add to economic growth immediately.
First, was the human capital approach. It saw social sector initiatives as an investment which would lead to long-term, more stable and permanent returns such as higher standards of living, higher standards of employment, reduced poverty and thus, the progress of the nation as a whole. Schultz and Becker, two scholars, in 1961 and 1962 proposed that education, health, and nutrition cannot be considered as consumption goods. There are investments to the Human Capital which will eventually lead to higher productivity and advance the entire country. The drawback of this The second approach was that of the Human Development. It saw initiatives in education, mental and physical health, nutrition, employment, etc as end-results rather than means to achieve higher productivity. It considered these as basic rights of all citizens and the country’s responsibility to provide them even if the rates of returns are low. Education or health care develops human beings and that in itself is an achievement and also the duty of the State. When a human develops then his capabilities are widened and he can provide for himself and that fulfills the role of the State.
Socially progressive States build an evolved international community and can do justice to the human race as an inclusive community. The human development approach is more applicable to countries like India which suffers from chronic problems of poverty and social backwardness. Students of IAS are the potential leaders of the nation. Understanding subjects like social sector initiatives are imperative for them to contribute to the growth of the country and attainment of a Welfare State. We at Gurmarg, open young minds to the world of Social Welfare, National Progress and Human Resource Development by teaching concepts holistically.


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MATHEMATICS: An instrument or an obstacle.


Have you ever wondered why Mathematics is the main topic that is often asked in every competitive exam like SSC-CGL, CPO, Banking PO exams, etc? Why is there so much emphasis on Mathematics in these exams? What is the relation of the job profile with Mathematics? What is the skill that the employer wants to test by examining knowledge of Mathematics? Answers to all these questions lie in understanding the basic nature of Mathematics. Well, Maths is a methodological and systematic subject that inculcates basic reasoning and aptitude in a person. It imparts an attitude to a person to deal with a problematic situation in a more rational and logical manner.
But many of you must be wondering that “I don’t like Maths since childhood or I am particularly weak in it. I am not able to understand it and solve different problems. So I won’t be able to crack these exams or I don’t have the required aptitude and skill set required for these posts.” Let me tell you very clearly and firmly that nobody is weak in Maths. Or nobody can be weak in Maths. It’s just that we are taught in a monotonous manner since childhood thus we lose interest in this subject. Most of our school teachers have emphasized cramming formulas and steps to solve the question without clearing the basics of a student. As we move from one class to another, more formulae keep on piling. It leads to students becoming fearful of Maths. In short, studying Maths was made burdensome by rote-learning based teaching techniques.
So to bury this hatchet once and for all, it is required to introduce new teaching techniques that arouse the interest of a student in Maths. This can be done by emphasizing on basics with lesser formulae and cramming. New shortcut techniques need to be introduced that focus on time-saving in the limited exam time by integrating them with basics so that a candidate won’t have to memorize it. Here Gurmarg Educare with the excellent faculty of Mathematics who strive to make Maths a fun subject to prepare and to bury your childhood fears forever.


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Effective Methods of Learning


Have you ever wondered that what differentiates us from the animals? The basic thing that differentiates Animals from Human Beings is our consciousness i.e. the ability to think with reason. Our mind is the main source of our consciousness. After thousands of years of evolution, we have started to know the power of our mind. In the limited span of 5-6 thousand years, we have become one of the most important species to have ever walked on the Earth. This all happened because our mind is a powerhouse of infinite knowledge.
Some people say that their mind is weak or they lack knowledge. We have to know that our mind is like a rough diamond which needs to be polished continuously through perpetual learning and efforts. For the constant development of mind, every country and society has developed their own Education systems. But some education systems across the world like those of USA, Finland, Advanced European Countries, etc are successful in producing some of the sharpest minds without putting any burden. While some education systems like those of Africa, India, etc are not able to produce the same results. Why is it so?
The basic difference is between Educational Techniques. We focus too much on Rote-learning without learning the practical significance of our knowledge. Our students are not encouraged to ask questions and even if they ask some questions they are ridiculed by the teachers. In that process, our study becomes boring, burdensome and we lose interest. Then, we study just to bring good marks without any practical knowledge. Whereas successful education systems employ some interactive educational techniques which strive to arouse the interest of the student in that particular subject. Then, the student’s curiosity is intrigued and he\she wants to know the answer instead of being forced to do so. That's why we see so many students are engaged in Research and Development and are constantly making new inventions.
We have to learn how our brain works and apply it to our pedagogical techniques. Our brain works in creative and logical ways. Teachers must teach students how to analyze things and motivate them to ask questions. The students must be shown the practical significance of their knowledge. Images, flowcharts, diagrams, and videos can be used to make the study interesting. In conclusion, it can be said that we are all born with an infinite powerhouse. There is no such thing as an intelligent or a weak student. All the difference lies in the pedagogical skills of the teacher as he\she plays the most important role in guiding the overall learning of the students. Here, Gurmarg comes into play. It believes in having a student-centric approach with the latest pedagogic techniques so that minimum effort is bestowed upon the student with maximum output.


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The Indian Constitution; Ignorance of law among citizens


The Indian Constitution is the supreme law of the land. It is the foundation of the entire governance of our country. It lays the brickwork to the legal and judicial system as well. All laws in the country, whether that be labor laws, personal laws or corporate laws, derive their power from the Constitution. If any law or legal provision contravenes or violates any provision of the Constitution especially the fundamental rights then it will be declared ultra vires, unconstitutional, null and void. Articles 14, 19 and 21 and the three pillars of equality, liberty, and life( all rights required to live a dignified life). Article 14 stands for equality; whether that be in law and legal provisions, policies, or persons. Every person is equal in the eyes of law. Article 19 is about freedom of speech and expressions, freedom of movement, freedom of assembly and various other rights of freedom. Article 21 is the heart of the constitution. Article 21 is the right to life and personal liberty; it means living with the highest possible standard of mental and physical health, safety and security. Subjects like sexual orientation have also been protected within the purview of Article 21 recently through a judgment. Every law must pass the test of being in accordance with Article 21 in order to survive and function.
In spite of the constitution being such an important document and holding such an enormous amount of power, more than half of the population is unaware of it or even their own fundamental rights. They are unaware of the fact that their fundamental rights are enforceable. They keep becoming chronic victims of exploitation and legal injuries. Whereas the Constitution puts a check on the powers of all government offices and officials. The ignorance of the law is what disturbs this balance as corruption seeps where unawareness lies.
The center and state governments attempt to propagate information about the rights of citizens through basic education and develop the syllabus of school levels accordingly. But the education system is such that the knowledge of civics stays in the student's mind for a limited time i.e., only till the examination and then exits their memory. Here at Gurmarg, during IAS coaching or PCS coaching or CLAT coaching, a different approach is adopted. Conceptual and practical learning is used as the methodology to break their previous patterns of memorizing instead of learning. This understanding of the constitution is crucial in the administration of the country. The future leaders or Democrats must be completely equipped to deal with the contemporary problems of India and the role of this learning comes into play.
Indian Polity is not only a subject in the IAS exams but also widen the horizon of knowledge contributing to a stronger personality and an opinionated mind. Such a person then becomes a desirable employee and an asset to any organization. After gaining this knowledge a person becomes a responsible progressive citizen of the nation. Legally aware citizens improve the quality of governance and the status of the country internationally.


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Discovering your Personality


Most of the times we are attracted by exceptional personalities even without being aware of it. We keep on trying to identify their X-factor. So what is it that makes a person charismatic? We try to look for quick tips but keep missing the point.
Being Honest and Accepting of yourself More often than not, we feel that acquiring some positive qualities is the key. Though it isn't. What develops confidence is your honest innate nature and the utmost acceptance of it. If you happen to be shy, instead of joining spoken English classes, try to find a conducive, comfortable environment that lets you be vocal in your own language and convenience. Accept yourself first, only then can the solution come.
Freedom is Empowerment When we are free, we are more calm, composed and confident. It sounds counter-intuitive but sometimes in order to be in control you need to let the reigns free and sync with the natural flow. Freedom is power. You must have noticed that when you try to prepare too hard or restrict yourself to say certain things and to behave in a certain manner, you become nervous and consequently clumsy. The philosophy explaining this is ‘with ease comes efficiency’. When you are in your comfort zone, you are more appealing. When you are prepared for the fact that the person in front of you may or may not judge you for being yourself and despite that have the courage and confidence to be yourself and love yourself then it creates a different impact. Balance strikes when you can speak what you want, convey your message in whichever way possible and trust yourself to say the right things.
Introspection Self reflection or introspection is an essential ingredient of self discovery. When you step back and observe your mind and body then you understand yourself better. A world renowned meditation and mindfulness coach and founder of the bestselling software application Headspace believes that our true personality lies beneath all the superficial materialistic possessions we identify with. To look beneath all this one needs to take time to look deeper inside. You must have noticed shaking limbs in pressure situations or your heart beat becoming higher when you’re anxious before examinations or interviews. Similarly your body gives you indications all along your day most of which you fail to notice. And your mind does the same. All you need to do is set the confusion free, sit quietly with your mind and listen.
Trust you own advice Everyone teaches younger people to take the advice of elders, their mentors or teachers but nobody encourages us to take our own advice. The fact is that we are the best judges of our situation and ourselves. No single person in the universe can know us better than us even if we feel they do and that they can decide. I don’t say that don’t take other people’s advice but choose who you want to listen to and what or to what extent. Your life is ultimately in your hands and if it isn’t then it should. Be the rider in your journey so that you can choose what you feel is best for you.
Be your own Cheerleader There are a lot of times when we feel that we are not supported enough or not understood and encouraged. In those times, be your own cheerleader because leaders may have to stand alone and they must stand strong. So comforting and consoling yourself becomes a necessity. Along with that you must be your own backbone, your own supporting framework and your own drive. Whether it is cracking the IAS exams or doing anything in life and succeeding, self discovery is they key to advance and progress. This is Gurmarg’s approach whether in a role of an IAS coaching institute or a career coaching organization for many branches of careers.


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How to crack SSC-CGL 2018 in 1st attempt


In 1st attempt to crack the SSC-CGL 2018 exam, you have to follow a strategy and have to live with it and secondly, you need to believe in yourself that you will make your name in the last name list.
Gurmarg Educare conducted a survey on students to find out why students are not able to qualify this exam in the very 1st attempt and why the students are stuck in this never ending loop of attempt-failure-attempt. From that survey we got to know that where students lack.
The reasons for this vicious cycle are:
• Inefficient Time Management
• Lack of Accuracy
• Don’t have Good Sources to follow
• Don’t have Right Analysis of their mistakes committed
• Waste a lot of time to prepare less important sections
So after this survey, Gurmarg adopted a new methodology based on Corpus-Tech Technology to achieve the desired results.
• A technology that helps students brain to work in a right direction.
• Inculcation of Family Based Approach in Learning.
• Holistic Approach and All Round Development of Mind and Personality.
Gurmarg believes Getting into the minds of Examiner:
• Though exam patterns are objective type, the current level of questions will definitely test your level of thinking ability.
• Gurmarg provides tailor made Class-Notes aiming to enter into the minds of Examiner and help you to meet the challenge.
RIGHT APPROACH:
The right guidance is needed: Every year, the demand for government jobs is increasing among candidates. However, everyone can be prepared for competitive exams at home; in a coaching institute, you are trained to solve the problem using the right approach, as a result, you can solve the questions very quickly and save time in the exam. Gurmarg Educare has team of experienced Trainers and Specialists in the respective field who provide friendly learning environment.


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A Road Map to Become a Better and Successful Person


IMost of the times we say about some characters that person has “an exceptional personality” typically we mean that they are admirable, attention-grabbing and have a charm in them. And this is what motivates us to have an amazing Personality, isn’t? Well, yes… so let’s find out the plan of action here on below. If you really wish and want to improve and work on yourself then you must check these Best Tips. Each one of us has a desire to be appreciated and to have a pleasant, engaging Personality. In this case, having a good identity is necessary- moreover essential than having good looks. Actually, your success and happiness is a result of how well you are getting connected with others with your beautiful personality.
Bring Positiveness in Your Perspective
Try to be optimistic as your feelings and acts must be equally relevant just to have a lovely personality. Yes, the way we think has a lot of impact on the way how we perform. And if one has positive views inside his or her mind then that also gives person self-confidence boost and adds to their personality. Position and circumstances in life can always be full of up and downs.
Meet New People
Having conversations with new and different people is an active step. As this will help you to expand your scope and thus will exposure to you to face large number of things in their life. So, get an opportunity to be familiar with more about other cultures lifestyles and it actually has a positive effect on your own personality. This actually relates to how great you have the gab, once you have much to contribute, learn how to talk and converse about it with others. No one has the ability to read or know everything about you, so it gives a chance to learn from others those things we don’t have the time to about read ourselves. If you happen to be shy, join a group like Spoken English Classes, encourages you to talk about what you know and can speak on.
Be What You Are
When as a person you are actually not having any opinions and trying to fake something you are not. Adjusting yourself in order to fit in, or be accepted by others, usually backfires. Since each one of us is unique, expressing that you are different and unique is what makes us interesting. Trying to be a carbon copy of someone else not only falls flat, but reveals a lack of genuineness. When one becomes a better person that same person also becomes a better judge. At the end I would like to mention WE here at Gurmarg Educare will help and mentor you to achieve the great careers. You have an opportunity to be the part of Indian Judicial System and Indian Administrative Services


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THE GRAPES OF MATHS


Galileo defines mathematics as ,"a language in which God has written the world".A lack of mathematical competence keeps doors of rapid progress closed. Generally,it is an assumption that mathematics is only for a few .On the contrary everyone needs to understand mathematics because mathematical competence opens doors to productive futures.
Mathematics makes our lives orderly and prevents chaos.Certain qualities that are nurtured by mathematics are power of reasoning,creativity,abstract or spatial thinking, critical thinking, problem solving ability and even better communication skills.Teaching trends all over the India are different but most of the teachers instead of focussing on the basics suggest rote learning of the formulae. Mathematics is the source of creation without which the world cannot move an inch and forms the centre of our culture.
In GURMARG EDUCARE we use the best techniques to help students get rid of their phobia of mathematics developed in the early stages of their learning.The biggest hurdle in learning mathematics among students is lack of practise.To cope up with this,students are made to work on different assignments and on different areas to master the concept and develop speed along with accuracy in solving a problem. We include basic knowledge of number system,vedic maths shortcuts,understanding of the basic formulae,indepth understanding of the chapters and last of all quick logical reasoning in our curriculum with personal doubt clarification sessions.
Our aim is to make entrance examinations a cakewalk for the students who are seen running from pillar to post in search of good guidance to create a global education.We have always been a trendsetter in all competitive education .We provide world class environment for study and passion for supreme quality education is evident in every endeavour undertaken at the institute.Our special classes help in analysing the best potential of the study. Also ,we work on complete makeover of the student by installing a great combination of best learning assignments and test series according to the latest paper patterns. We believe right direction and exact information will help a student in breaking every career record.




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Science and Technology


There’s a prevalent notion that science differs from nature, disobeys it and deteriorates it in ways. The notion harbors the thinking that science is Man’s invention and anything artificial is against the natural order. But if we think deeper, there is proof to the contrary. Science is the name given by man to study nature's concepts and phenomenon. In it's most rudimentary form, it is born from nature and is an inseparable part of it. Advances in science have enabled man to evolve and progress. I will even dare to say that we would have never been able to unravel or understand the mysterious ways of nature if it weren't for our scientific discoveries such as understanding the water cycle or modes of transference of heat. Scientific inventions further helped man to explore dimensions that were unimaginable to even venture into such as exploring the universe's contents or artificial intelligence which is a branch of today's technology.
Now let’s talk about Science and technology being part of the curriculum of competitive examinations such as the IAS Exams and many others. The basic knowledge of Science and Technology is important for individuals in the nation’s administration firstly because it inculcates a logical approach of dealing with critical situations affecting the country and secondly, science and technology is integrated in the daily life of all citizens and to understand the current issues in the society, one needs to have a clear understanding of science and technology. For any country, it's progress is measured by its technological advancements. This is so because science, in a layman's language, increases the standard of living. Each citizen can live safer, healthier and happier. And this exactly marks a nation's growth. Obstructions to scientific development comprise the reasons of the gap between third world and first world countries. For those who say that science has so many side effects that adversely affect society like the ill effects of the internet or hazards of artificial intelligence with regard to threats from cybercrime, I just have just one answer, doesn't everything have advantages and disadvantages? Doesn't nature show disastrous faces? Didn't natural disasters occur before scientific advancement? The answer is in the affirmative for each one of them. Man is an offspring of nature and man-made things are all results of the evolution of the mind which again is a natural process. Thus, the society prospers when it embraces science and stops blaming it for its misuse.
Further, looking at the larger picture scientific development is essential for the human race. Science alone holds the solution to all problems of the era. The held true in the past as well bringing us to the point we are standing at today and it holds true for the present and every such era in the future. As the saying goes, necessity is the mother of invention. Necessity is the motivation for scientific development. And in turn, science is a necessity for the survival of the race else we will become obsolete fragments of the past.




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APPROACH FOR HISTORY


History is considered as the biggest challenge or toughest subject in the preparation of civil services exams. The quantum of syllabus and large collection of facts & data makes the task of student ever more difficult. But the best strategy for mastering the subject of history is by forming linkage among the topics. One should not be terrified by the amount of syllabus. The syllabus is very much simplified & easy to grasp. The only things that students should keep in mind that in civil services the fact based questions are not asked. The questions lay focus on analytical capabilities so the approach should be of handling subjects in the members that increase your analytical rigor.
By changing your focus from facts to concepts you will find out that subject is not at all difficult. The subject is made relatable with the daily life of students by use of examples with which students can connect. Also we, at GURMARG make extensive use of audio visual, Interactive media aids. This helps students in grasping the subject very easily. It stays with them for a longer period of time. This is the Gurmarg’s sure shot recipe for success in civil services exams.




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IAS Examinations: Breaking down the curriculum


The IAS Exams are one of the most sought-after and difficult exams in the country. It is a well-known fact that a huge amount of hard work is required for the preparation of these competitive exams. Besides hard work, strategic preparation is crucial for maximized results. To start with, it is important to understand how the system of scoring works and what is the criteria to qualify. Priorities are set accordingly and the strengths and weaknesses of each individual are measured. Thorough knowledge of subjects is critical. Fundamental subjects like History, Indian Polity, Environmental Ecology, and Economics form the base for more complex and contemporary subjects like Sustainable Development, Social Sector Initiatives, and Climate Change. Current National and International Events must be studied along with analyzing it with regard to the core subject and developing your opinion on them.
Comprehensive Interpersonal Skills not only form a separate qualifying exam but also enhance learning holistically. A good command on the English language can transform one's personality as well, boosting self-esteem and confidence which can work miracles in the interview session. Expression power both verbal and written is essential. The technique of writing answers begins with understanding the question, analyzing it and then framing the answer in such a way that each sentence is related to the next and each paragraph is woven with the next to end with the conclusion and the sequence in perfect harmony. The conclusion must be so impactful that it gives the answer a complete effect. Logical Reasoning and Analytical Ability is to build critical thinking and practiced to deal with any problematic situation reasonably which is essential in the IAS. Basic mathematics or numeracy is the matric level maths along with Data Interpretations. Gurmarg Educare uses a comprehensive learning approach which begins with understanding what you’ve signed up for and whether all these aspects of skills are being honed like you were promised. Breaking the curriculum is step 1 to become number one.




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Resistance Towards Violence Against Women


As many as 39 crimes against women were reported every hour in India, up from 21 in 2007, according to crime in India 2016 report by the National Crime Records Bureau. The Union Territory of Delhi reported the highest crime rate 160.4 against the national average of 55.2. Delhi was followed by Assam, Odisha, Telangana, and Rajasthan. Uttar Pradesh India's most populous state- reported the most crimes against women. Four rape cases reported every hour in 2016. Of rape victims in 2016 43% were girls below 18years.
Reasons are likely:
The first reason for increasing this crime is the lowest conviction rate for crime against women. "Greater reporting and a dismissal conviction rate spells disaster for women" The rate of increased illiteracy is also the main reason for crime increasing. Although our government provides free and compulsory education to the age of 6 to 14 years for but free education no one seeks their positive attention. This policy does not work so good. Last but not least we are living in that type of society in which everyone is under fear of stigma. A number of women against whom crimes can be committed by this alone reason they did not come forward for reporting. They are under the fear that stigma and shame can spoil their life and future.
Remedial measures by citizens
We keep on blaming the government for not doing enough but are we doing enough as citizens? We further add to the suffering of the victims by maintaining the stigma around all kinds of crime against women. There is such a hush about the crime as if it were something shameful when it isn't. Even the name of the victim is kept confidential due to societal shaming. This isn't something shameful, it is atrocious. There is very less awareness especially in comparison to the crime rate. Unawareness about the incident firstly; no one wants to know more about what happened because we don't want to feel upset. We don't talk about it with our family members so that the conversation does not become awkward or unpleasant. The power lies in the frequency, more the crime, more the awareness and more the resistance. We act in fear and not in resistance. When we hear on the news about women crimes then instinctively we fear for our daughters, sisters and other female family members and go onto be more protective and restrictive. What approach is actually beneficial is when we empower our girls and train our boys simultaneously to an equal extent. Empowerment means supporting them to go out in the world, pursue ambitions, socialize, take care of their own bank accounts and investments, participate in the stock market and more fundamentally allow them to stay out after dark, travel in public transport, travel to places and have fun just like our boys. It may seem like you’re the only one doing this in the beginning and the risks are so high but this is the surest way to create a safer society for them.
In the civil services, understanding of this issue is crucial because finding solutions to such contemporary social evils is required. Here at Gurmarg, a premier IAS coaching institute of Chandigarh, we build aware, responsible and competent contenders.




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