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Social Sector Initiatives


Before studying the subject, the meaning of the name of the subject must be known to you. An interest is created by the name itself. So let me tell you a bit about what the social sector initiatives means. Social sectors are those sectors that embody the policies of a welfare state in the country. It works to uplift the standard of living of the members of society. It may demand a considerable amount of investment but don't yield immediate results. They don't even show a very predictable, finite promise of returns. Sectors like education, health, and nutrition etc are some social sectors that are socially valuable but do not add to economic growth immediately.
First, was the human capital approach. It saw social sector initiatives as an investment which would lead to long-term, more stable and permanent returns such as higher standards of living, higher standards of employment, reduced poverty and thus, the progress of the nation as a whole. Schultz and Becker, two scholars, in 1961 and 1962 proposed that education, health, and nutrition cannot be considered as consumption goods. There are investments to the Human Capital which will eventually lead to higher productivity and advance the entire country. The drawback of this The second approach was that of the Human Development. It saw initiatives in education, mental and physical health, nutrition, employment, etc as end-results rather than means to achieve higher productivity. It considered these as basic rights of all citizens and the country’s responsibility to provide them even if the rates of returns are low. Education or health care develops human beings and that in itself is an achievement and also the duty of the State. When a human develops then his capabilities are widened and he can provide for himself and that fulfills the role of the State.
Socially progressive States build an evolved international community and can do justice to the human race as an inclusive community. The human development approach is more applicable to countries like India which suffers from chronic problems of poverty and social backwardness. Students of IAS are the potential leaders of the nation. Understanding subjects like social sector initiatives are imperative for them to contribute to the growth of the country and attainment of a Welfare State. We at Gurmarg, open young minds to the world of Social Welfare, National Progress and Human Resource Development by teaching concepts holistically.


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MATHEMATICS: An instrument or an obstacle.


Have you ever wondered why Mathematics is the main topic that is often asked in every competitive exam like SSC-CGL, CPO, Banking PO exams, etc? Why is there so much emphasis on Mathematics in these exams? What is the relation of the job profile with Mathematics? What is the skill that the employer wants to test by examining knowledge of Mathematics? Answers to all these questions lie in understanding the basic nature of Mathematics. Well, Maths is a methodological and systematic subject that inculcates basic reasoning and aptitude in a person. It imparts an attitude to a person to deal with a problematic situation in a more rational and logical manner.
But many of you must be wondering that “I don’t like Maths since childhood or I am particularly weak in it. I am not able to understand it and solve different problems. So I won’t be able to crack these exams or I don’t have the required aptitude and skill set required for these posts.” Let me tell you very clearly and firmly that nobody is weak in Maths. Or nobody can be weak in Maths. It’s just that we are taught in a monotonous manner since childhood thus we lose interest in this subject. Most of our school teachers have emphasized cramming formulas and steps to solve the question without clearing the basics of a student. As we move from one class to another, more formulae keep on piling. It leads to students becoming fearful of Maths. In short, studying Maths was made burdensome by rote-learning based teaching techniques.
So to bury this hatchet once and for all, it is required to introduce new teaching techniques that arouse the interest of a student in Maths. This can be done by emphasizing on basics with lesser formulae and cramming. New shortcut techniques need to be introduced that focus on time-saving in the limited exam time by integrating them with basics so that a candidate won’t have to memorize it. Here Gurmarg Educare with the excellent faculty of Mathematics who strive to make Maths a fun subject to prepare and to bury your childhood fears forever.


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Effective Methods of Learning


Have you ever wondered that what differentiates us from the animals? The basic thing that differentiates Animals from Human Beings is our consciousness i.e. the ability to think with reason. Our mind is the main source of our consciousness. After thousands of years of evolution, we have started to know the power of our mind. In the limited span of 5-6 thousand years, we have become one of the most important species to have ever walked on the Earth. This all happened because our mind is a powerhouse of infinite knowledge.
Some people say that their mind is weak or they lack knowledge. We have to know that our mind is like a rough diamond which needs to be polished continuously through perpetual learning and efforts. For the constant development of mind, every country and society has developed their own Education systems. But some education systems across the world like those of USA, Finland, Advanced European Countries, etc are successful in producing some of the sharpest minds without putting any burden. While some education systems like those of Africa, India, etc are not able to produce the same results. Why is it so?
The basic difference is between Educational Techniques. We focus too much on Rote-learning without learning the practical significance of our knowledge. Our students are not encouraged to ask questions and even if they ask some questions they are ridiculed by the teachers. In that process, our study becomes boring, burdensome and we lose interest. Then, we study just to bring good marks without any practical knowledge. Whereas successful education systems employ some interactive educational techniques which strive to arouse the interest of the student in that particular subject. Then, the student’s curiosity is intrigued and he\she wants to know the answer instead of being forced to do so. That's why we see so many students are engaged in Research and Development and are constantly making new inventions.
We have to learn how our brain works and apply it to our pedagogical techniques. Our brain works in creative and logical ways. Teachers must teach students how to analyze things and motivate them to ask questions. The students must be shown the practical significance of their knowledge. Images, flowcharts, diagrams, and videos can be used to make the study interesting. In conclusion, it can be said that we are all born with an infinite powerhouse. There is no such thing as an intelligent or a weak student. All the difference lies in the pedagogical skills of the teacher as he\she plays the most important role in guiding the overall learning of the students. Here, Gurmarg comes into play. It believes in having a student-centric approach with the latest pedagogic techniques so that minimum effort is bestowed upon the student with maximum output.


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The Indian Constitution; Ignorance of law among citizens


The Indian Constitution is the supreme law of the land. It is the foundation of the entire governance of our country. It lays the brickwork to the legal and judicial system as well. All laws in the country, whether that be labor laws, personal laws or corporate laws, derive their power from the Constitution. If any law or legal provision contravenes or violates any provision of the Constitution especially the fundamental rights then it will be declared ultra vires, unconstitutional, null and void. Articles 14, 19 and 21 and the three pillars of equality, liberty, and life( all rights required to live a dignified life). Article 14 stands for equality; whether that be in law and legal provisions, policies, or persons. Every person is equal in the eyes of law. Article 19 is about freedom of speech and expressions, freedom of movement, freedom of assembly and various other rights of freedom. Article 21 is the heart of the constitution. Article 21 is the right to life and personal liberty; it means living with the highest possible standard of mental and physical health, safety and security. Subjects like sexual orientation have also been protected within the purview of Article 21 recently through a judgment. Every law must pass the test of being in accordance with Article 21 in order to survive and function.
In spite of the constitution being such an important document and holding such an enormous amount of power, more than half of the population is unaware of it or even their own fundamental rights. They are unaware of the fact that their fundamental rights are enforceable. They keep becoming chronic victims of exploitation and legal injuries. Whereas the Constitution puts a check on the powers of all government offices and officials. The ignorance of the law is what disturbs this balance as corruption seeps where unawareness lies.
The center and state governments attempt to propagate information about the rights of citizens through basic education and develop the syllabus of school levels accordingly. But the education system is such that the knowledge of civics stays in the student's mind for a limited time i.e., only till the examination and then exits their memory. Here at Gurmarg, during IAS coaching or PCS coaching or CLAT coaching, a different approach is adopted. Conceptual and practical learning is used as the methodology to break their previous patterns of memorizing instead of learning. This understanding of the constitution is crucial in the administration of the country. The future leaders or Democrats must be completely equipped to deal with the contemporary problems of India and the role of this learning comes into play.
Indian Polity is not only a subject in the IAS exams but also widen the horizon of knowledge contributing to a stronger personality and an opinionated mind. Such a person then becomes a desirable employee and an asset to any organization. After gaining this knowledge a person becomes a responsible progressive citizen of the nation. Legally aware citizens improve the quality of governance and the status of the country internationally.


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Discovering your Personality


IMost of the times we are attracted by exceptional personalities even without being aware of it. We keep on trying to identify their X-factor. So what is it that makes a person charismatic? We try to look for quick tips but keep missing the point.
Being Honest and Accepting of yourself More often than not, we feel that acquiring some positive qualities is the key. Though it isn't. What develops confidence is your honest innate nature and the utmost acceptance of it. If you happen to be shy, instead of joining spoken English classes, try to find a conducive, comfortable environment that lets you be vocal in your own language and convenience. Accept yourself first, only then can the solution come.
Freedom is Empowerment When we are free, we are more calm, composed and confident. It sounds counter-intuitive but sometimes in order to be in control you need to let the reigns free and sync with the natural flow. Freedom is power. You must have noticed that when you try to prepare too hard or restrict yourself to say certain things and to behave in a certain manner, you become nervous and consequently clumsy. The philosophy explaining this is ‘with ease comes efficiency’. When you are in your comfort zone, you are more appealing. When you are prepared for the fact that the person in front of you may or may not judge you for being yourself and despite that have the courage and confidence to be yourself and love yourself then it creates a different impact. Balance strikes when you can speak what you want, convey your message in whichever way possible and trust yourself to say the right things.
Introspection Self reflection or introspection is an essential ingredient of self discovery. When you step back and observe your mind and body then you understand yourself better. A world renowned meditation and mindfulness coach and founder of the bestselling software application Headspace believes that our true personality lies beneath all the superficial materialistic possessions we identify with. To look beneath all this one needs to take time to look deeper inside. You must have noticed shaking limbs in pressure situations or your heart beat becoming higher when you’re anxious before examinations or interviews. Similarly your body gives you indications all along your day most of which you fail to notice. And your mind does the same. All you need to do is set the confusion free, sit quietly with your mind and listen.
Trust you own advice Everyone teaches younger people to take the advice of elders, their mentors or teachers but nobody encourages us to take our own advice. The fact is that we are the best judges of our situation and ourselves. No single person in the universe can know us better than us even if we feel they do and that they can decide. I don’t say that don’t take other people’s advice but choose who you want to listen to and what or to what extent. Your life is ultimately in your hands and if it isn’t then it should. Be the rider in your journey so that you can choose what you feel is best for you.
Be your own Cheerleader There are a lot of times when we feel that we are not supported enough or not understood and encouraged. In those times, be your own cheerleader because leaders may have to stand alone and they must stand strong. So comforting and consoling yourself becomes a necessity. Along with that you must be your own backbone, your own supporting framework and your own drive. Whether it is cracking the IAS exams or doing anything in life and succeeding, self discovery is they key to advance and progress. This is Gurmarg’s approach whether in a role of an IAS coaching institute or a career coaching organization for many branches of careers.


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How to crack SSC-CGL 2018 in 1st attempt


In 1st attempt to crack the SSC-CGL 2018 exam, you have to follow a strategy and have to live with it and secondly, you need to believe in yourself that you will make your name in the last name list.
Gurmarg Educare conducted a survey on students to find out why students are not able to qualify this exam in the very 1st attempt and why the students are stuck in this never ending loop of attempt-failure-attempt. From that survey we got to know that where students lack.
The reasons for this vicious cycle are:
• Inefficient Time Management
• Lack of Accuracy
• Don’t have Good Sources to follow
• Don’t have Right Analysis of their mistakes committed
• Waste a lot of time to prepare less important sections
So after this survey, Gurmarg adopted a new methodology based on Corpus-Tech Technology to achieve the desired results.
• A technology that helps students brain to work in a right direction.
• Inculcation of Family Based Approach in Learning.
• Holistic Approach and All Round Development of Mind and Personality.
Gurmarg believes Getting into the minds of Examiner:
• Though exam patterns are objective type, the current level of questions will definitely test your level of thinking ability.
• Gurmarg provides tailor made Class-Notes aiming to enter into the minds of Examiner and help you to meet the challenge.
RIGHT APPROACH:
The right guidance is needed: Every year, the demand for government jobs is increasing among candidates. However, everyone can be prepared for competitive exams at home; in a coaching institute, you are trained to solve the problem using the right approach, as a result, you can solve the questions very quickly and save time in the exam. Gurmarg Educare has team of experienced Trainers and Specialists in the respective field who provide friendly learning environment.


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A Road Map to Become a Better and Successful Person


IMost of the times we say about some characters that person has “an exceptional personality” typically we mean that they are admirable, attention-grabbing and have a charm in them. And this is what motivates us to have an amazing Personality, isn’t? Well, yes… so let’s find out the plan of action here on below. If you really wish and want to improve and work on yourself then you must check these Best Tips. Each one of us has a desire to be appreciated and to have a pleasant, engaging Personality. In this case, having a good identity is necessary- moreover essential than having good looks. Actually, your success and happiness is a result of how well you are getting connected with others with your beautiful personality.
Bring Positiveness in Your Perspective
Try to be optimistic as your feelings and acts must be equally relevant just to have a lovely personality. Yes, the way we think has a lot of impact on the way how we perform. And if one has positive views inside his or her mind then that also gives person self-confidence boost and adds to their personality. Position and circumstances in life can always be full of up and downs.
Meet New People
Having conversations with new and different people is an active step. As this will help you to expand your scope and thus will exposure to you to face large number of things in their life. So, get an opportunity to be familiar with more about other cultures lifestyles and it actually has a positive effect on your own personality. This actually relates to how great you have the gab, once you have much to contribute, learn how to talk and converse about it with others. No one has the ability to read or know everything about you, so it gives a chance to learn from others those things we don’t have the time to about read ourselves. If you happen to be shy, join a group like Spoken English Classes, encourages you to talk about what you know and can speak on.
Be What You Are
When as a person you are actually not having any opinions and trying to fake something you are not. Adjusting yourself in order to fit in, or be accepted by others, usually backfires. Since each one of us is unique, expressing that you are different and unique is what makes us interesting. Trying to be a carbon copy of someone else not only falls flat, but reveals a lack of genuineness. When one becomes a better person that same person also becomes a better judge. At the end I would like to mention WE here at Gurmarg Educare will help and mentor you to achieve the great careers. You have an opportunity to be the part of Indian Judicial System and Indian Administrative Services


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THE GRAPES OF MATHS


Galileo defines mathematics as ,"a language in which God has written the world".A lack of mathematical competence keeps doors of rapid progress closed. Generally,it is an assumption that mathematics is only for a few .On the contrary everyone needs to understand mathematics because mathematical competence opens doors to productive futures.
Mathematics makes our lives orderly and prevents chaos.Certain qualities that are nurtured by mathematics are power of reasoning,creativity,abstract or spatial thinking, critical thinking, problem solving ability and even better communication skills.Teaching trends all over the India are different but most of the teachers instead of focussing on the basics suggest rote learning of the formulae. Mathematics is the source of creation without which the world cannot move an inch and forms the centre of our culture.
In GURMARG EDUCARE we use the best techniques to help students get rid of their phobia of mathematics developed in the early stages of their learning.The biggest hurdle in learning mathematics among students is lack of practise.To cope up with this,students are made to work on different assignments and on different areas to master the concept and develop speed along with accuracy in solving a problem. We include basic knowledge of number system,vedic maths shortcuts,understanding of the basic formulae,indepth understanding of the chapters and last of all quick logical reasoning in our curriculum with personal doubt clarification sessions.
Our aim is to make entrance examinations a cakewalk for the students who are seen running from pillar to post in search of good guidance to create a global education.We have always been a trendsetter in all competitive education .We provide world class environment for study and passion for supreme quality education is evident in every endeavour undertaken at the institute.Our special classes help in analysing the best potential of the study. Also ,we work on complete makeover of the student by installing a great combination of best learning assignments and test series according to the latest paper patterns. We believe right direction and exact information will help a student in breaking every career record.




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Science and Technology


There’s a prevalent notion that science differs from nature, disobeys it and deteriorates it in ways. The notion harbors the thinking that science is Man’s invention and anything artificial is against the natural order. But if we think deeper, there is proof to the contrary. Science is the name given by man to study nature's concepts and phenomenon. In it's most rudimentary form, it is born from nature and is an inseparable part of it. Advances in science have enabled man to evolve and progress. I will even dare to say that we would have never been able to unravel or understand the mysterious ways of nature if it weren't for our scientific discoveries such as understanding the water cycle or modes of transference of heat. Scientific inventions further helped man to explore dimensions that were unimaginable to even venture into such as exploring the universe's contents or artificial intelligence which is a branch of today's technology.
Now let’s talk about Science and technology being part of the curriculum of competitive examinations such as the IAS Exams and many others. The basic knowledge of Science and Technology is important for individuals in the nation’s administration firstly because it inculcates a logical approach of dealing with critical situations affecting the country and secondly, science and technology is integrated in the daily life of all citizens and to understand the current issues in the society, one needs to have a clear understanding of science and technology. For any country, it's progress is measured by its technological advancements. This is so because science, in a layman's language, increases the standard of living. Each citizen can live safer, healthier and happier. And this exactly marks a nation's growth. Obstructions to scientific development comprise the reasons of the gap between third world and first world countries. For those who say that science has so many side effects that adversely affect society like the ill effects of the internet or hazards of artificial intelligence with regard to threats from cybercrime, I just have just one answer, doesn't everything have advantages and disadvantages? Doesn't nature show disastrous faces? Didn't natural disasters occur before scientific advancement? The answer is in the affirmative for each one of them. Man is an offspring of nature and man-made things are all results of the evolution of the mind which again is a natural process. Thus, the society prospers when it embraces science and stops blaming it for its misuse.
Further, looking at the larger picture scientific development is essential for the human race. Science alone holds the solution to all problems of the era. The held true in the past as well bringing us to the point we are standing at today and it holds true for the present and every such era in the future. As the saying goes, necessity is the mother of invention. Necessity is the motivation for scientific development. And in turn, science is a necessity for the survival of the race else we will become obsolete fragments of the past.




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APPROACH FOR HISTORY


History is considered as the biggest challenge or toughest subject in the preparation of civil services exams. The quantum of syllabus and large collection of facts & data makes the task of student ever more difficult. But the best strategy for mastering the subject of history is by forming linkage among the topics. One should not be terrified by the amount of syllabus. The syllabus is very much simplified & easy to grasp. The only things that students should keep in mind that in civil services the fact based questions are not asked. The questions lay focus on analytical capabilities so the approach should be of handling subjects in the members that increase your analytical rigor.
By changing your focus from facts to concepts you will find out that subject is not at all difficult. The subject is made relatable with the daily life of students by use of examples with which students can connect. Also we, at GURMARG make extensive use of audio visual, Interactive media aids. This helps students in grasping the subject very easily. It stays with them for a longer period of time. This is the Gurmarg’s sure shot recipe for success in civil services exams.




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IAS Examinations: Breaking down the curriculum


The IAS Exams are one of the most sought-after and difficult exams in the country. It is a well-known fact that a huge amount of hard work is required for the preparation of these competitive exams. Besides hard work, strategic preparation is crucial for maximized results. To start with, it is important to understand how the system of scoring works and what is the criteria to qualify. Priorities are set accordingly and the strengths and weaknesses of each individual are measured. Thorough knowledge of subjects is critical. Fundamental subjects like History, Indian Polity, Environmental Ecology, and Economics form the base for more complex and contemporary subjects like Sustainable Development, Social Sector Initiatives, and Climate Change. Current National and International Events must be studied along with analyzing it with regard to the core subject and developing your opinion on them.
Comprehensive Interpersonal Skills not only form a separate qualifying exam but also enhance learning holistically. A good command on the English language can transform one's personality as well, boosting self-esteem and confidence which can work miracles in the interview session. Expression power both verbal and written is essential. The technique of writing answers begins with understanding the question, analyzing it and then framing the answer in such a way that each sentence is related to the next and each paragraph is woven with the next to end with the conclusion and the sequence in perfect harmony. The conclusion must be so impactful that it gives the answer a complete effect. Logical Reasoning and Analytical Ability is to build critical thinking and practiced to deal with any problematic situation reasonably which is essential in the IAS. Basic mathematics or numeracy is the matric level maths along with Data Interpretations. Gurmarg Educare uses a comprehensive learning approach which begins with understanding what you’ve signed up for and whether all these aspects of skills are being honed like you were promised. Breaking the curriculum is step 1 to become number one.




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Resistance Towards Violence Against Women


As many as 39 crimes against women were reported every hour in India, up from 21 in 2007, according to crime in India 2016 report by the National Crime Records Bureau. The Union Territory of Delhi reported the highest crime rate 160.4 against the national average of 55.2. Delhi was followed by Assam, Odisha, Telangana, and Rajasthan. Uttar Pradesh India's most populous state- reported the most crimes against women. Four rape cases reported every hour in 2016. Of rape victims in 2016 43% were girls below 18years.
Reasons are likely:
The first reason for increasing this crime is the lowest conviction rate for crime against women. "Greater reporting and a dismissal conviction rate spells disaster for women" The rate of increased illiteracy is also the main reason for crime increasing. Although our government provides free and compulsory education to the age of 6 to 14 years for but free education no one seeks their positive attention. This policy does not work so good. Last but not least we are living in that type of society in which everyone is under fear of stigma. A number of women against whom crimes can be committed by this alone reason they did not come forward for reporting. They are under the fear that stigma and shame can spoil their life and future.
Remedial measures by citizens
We keep on blaming the government for not doing enough but are we doing enough as citizens? We further add to the suffering of the victims by maintaining the stigma around all kinds of crime against women. There is such a hush about the crime as if it were something shameful when it isn't. Even the name of the victim is kept confidential due to societal shaming. This isn't something shameful, it is atrocious. There is very less awareness especially in comparison to the crime rate. Unawareness about the incident firstly; no one wants to know more about what happened because we don't want to feel upset. We don't talk about it with our family members so that the conversation does not become awkward or unpleasant. The power lies in the frequency, more the crime, more the awareness and more the resistance. We act in fear and not in resistance. When we hear on the news about women crimes then instinctively we fear for our daughters, sisters and other female family members and go onto be more protective and restrictive. What approach is actually beneficial is when we empower our girls and train our boys simultaneously to an equal extent. Empowerment means supporting them to go out in the world, pursue ambitions, socialize, take care of their own bank accounts and investments, participate in the stock market and more fundamentally allow them to stay out after dark, travel in public transport, travel to places and have fun just like our boys. It may seem like you’re the only one doing this in the beginning and the risks are so high but this is the surest way to create a safer society for them.
In the civil services, understanding of this issue is crucial because finding solutions to such contemporary social evils is required. Here at Gurmarg, a premier IAS coaching institute of Chandigarh, we build aware, responsible and competent contenders.




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